" Sighthound of the Russian Czars "
foxes, hares and wolves
28 inches to
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Facts & Information about the Borzoi
The Borzoi is
an extra large dog with a narrow but tall body.
This dog is also known by the other name of the Russian wolfhound.
The Borzoi was bred originally for hunting
foxes, hares and wolves. It's
origins can be dated back to the Middle Ages. The Borzoi
specialised in chasing down fleeing prey (coursing) originating in Russia.
It is classified as one of the Hound Dogs Group which we
go on to describe in detail in the section at the bottom of this
The Borzoi -
The Borzoi Hound belongs to the
collection of dogs referred to as Sighthounds or Gazehounds, which specialise
in hunting its quarry by sight rather than scent. All of the Sighthound breeds originated in the Middle East, Africa and Southwest Asia. It
wasn’t until the mid 1500's that hounds began to be classified
according to their purpose, i.e. sight hounds, scent hounds, etc.
Sighthounds have distinctive characteristics, features and traits
which are perfect for their purpose. Sighthounds have extremely
good vision. They also have a long jaw and lengthy neck which
assists them in sighting their quarry. Their lean muscular body,
deep chest and long powerful legs essential assets when following
any fast and agile prey. Sighthounds also have distinctive feet
with elongated middle toes that make the foot appear longer and
helps with their firm footing. Their long stride, powerful chest
and lungs and agile bodies make it possible for sight hounds to
chase and kill their quarry. As a pet the Borzoi Hound is usually a calm and sensitive, gentle giant that responds well to a loving owner.
Facts & History
of the African Borzoi Hound Dog
traceable reference to the Borzoi was made in 1260 as a reference to hare coursing dogs at
the Russian court of Grand Duke of Novgorad. The
Borzoi was bred by the Russian aristocracy for hundreds of years
and this culminated in 1613 when the Imperial Kennels of the Czars
was founded. The Russian
Czars would often present borzois as gifts to visiting royalty.
In 1887 Grand Duke Nikolai Nikolaivitch purchased the Perchino estate in
Tula and concentrated on a Borzoi breeding program.
Borzois dogs descend from the Perchino type of dog. The Borzoi
started as a hare coursing dog but in the 15th and 16th
centuries cross breeding between coursing hounds, bear hounds and tall Russian sheepdogs were made.
This increased the size and coat of the dog to suit the task of hunting wolves in the cold
Russian climate. The extravagant courts of the Czars and Russian
nobility indulged in hunting on a grand scale.
This scale of these events necessitated hundreds hounds which were
kept on huge estates. Over 100 Borzois were known to take part in a hunt. Beaters and scenthounds initially trailed the wolf, followed by hunters on horseback.
The Borzois were unleashed when the wolf was sighted. The dogs
force the wolf down and hold it until the hunter arrived.
The heritage of the great Russian Czars and the Russian nobility
came to an abrupt end after the Russian Revolution. The estates
were abandoned and many of the borzois were killed or simply died
of the African Borzoi Dog and Puppies - Coat and Colours
The Borzoi's coat is normally comes in all colours, usually parti-coloured.
The coat is silky, flat or wavy and short in some parts.
Health information - potential health problems of the Borzoi Dog Breed
All owners of dogs and puppies
are concerned about the health care of their pets and just as with
humans dog health issues arise from time to time. Resolving dog
health problems, including those of the Borzoi, can prove to be
costly and it would be wise to consider the benefits of obtaining
dog health insurance. Diseases in dogs may occur because of
trauma, infection, immune system abnormalities, genetic factors,
or degenerative conditions. Common health problems and questions
occur in relation to the Bones, Joints, Muscles, Nerves, Ears,
Eyes, Teeth and the Mouth. Other, more serious, issues can relate
to the Digestive System, Heart & Respiratory Systems, Immune &
Blood Systems, Reproduction and Urinary Systems. Potential health
problems of the Borzois may be checked via the
Dog Symptoms Sorter, but
Encyclopaedia of Common Dog Health Problems
Please click the following link for additional
information which we have provided via our:
Online Encyclopaedia of Common Dog
This describes the most common canine health problems concisely but simply without using medical jargon. A section on Dog and Puppy Vaccinations is also included offering information on each of the diseases, symptoms and effects for which immunization vaccines are available. Not sure of the name of the dog or puppy illness? A Dog Illness Symptoms Sorter is also featured. The Online Encyclopaedia of Common Dog Health Problems should only be used as an informational guide and when and if any dog or puppies health problems occur it is essential to raise any questions you may have with a Dog Health care professional.
of the Borzoi Dog and Puppies - Comparative Sizing Pictures &
The pictures above allow for a
useful sizing perspective between an average man (Five feet ten
inches) or an average sized woman (Five feet six inches) in
comparison to the average sized Borzoi dog which we have
detailed above. These pictures are extremely important as they
provide an immediate and accurate visual representation of the
of an average Borzoi compared to the height of a male or
female - essential information but unique to this
site. Use the pictures to help to estimate the size of the Borzoi
dog to each the various growing stages of children.
Use the pictures to provide a guideline to the adult size of Borzoi
Puppies. The pictures will also prove to be
invaluable when comparing the sizes and heights of other dog
dimensions will vary according to the sex of the dog or puppy.
Girl dogs, or bitches, are on average, 2 inches smaller than boy
dogs. Another useful piece of information when considering
on Grooming and Care of the Borzoi Dog Breed
require brushing or combing two or three times a week. All dog breeds require a certain amount of grooming
and care is necessary to keep dogs and puppies looking at their best.
Grooming consists of not only brushing out the coat and bathing
but also giving attention to the eyes, teeth, ears, feet and
nails. A regular routine also ensures that any potential health
problems are identified as quickly as possible, especially
important in puppies and older dogs.
and Character of the Borzoi Dog Breed
The Borzoi is an independent but very
sensitive breed of dog. They are
calm, gentle, reserved and dignified and makes a well-mannered house
it will race about and will chase any small animal that runs. It
can be timid and is not suited to rough handling - children need
to handle the dog quietly and gently. Borzois can live outdoors in temperate climates but
are best suited as house dogs with access to a yard.
conditions and Exercise Requirements of the Borzoi Dog
The Borzoi dogs and puppies are best suited to living in the country because
they require a
moderate amount of exercise.
The Borzoi breed of dog loves to run and enjoys frequent walks but it is also
content to find a comfortable bed or place in the back yard and rest quietly.
Pictures reflect the Size of Adults - not Children and Puppies!
The pictures above allow for a useful comparison of sizes providing an
accurate portrait of the size of an average Borzoi - essential
information but unique to this site. It should also be noted that
the pictures feature adults. The size of puppies are naturally
considerably smaller and the full grown size of the animal can
easily be forgotten when confronted with cute puppies! The slogan
" A dog isn't just for Christmas - it's for life!" was necessitated
by well meaning people buying puppies at the Christmas, unaware of
the puppies growth rate. The pictures provided make it extremely
clear exactly how small puppies will develop and whether it will
suit the life and living conditions of the family.
Puppies section, accessed via the Site Index, provides detailed
information about Choosing the right puppy, Puppy Training, Puppy
Care and Puppy Behavior, Growth & Development. We recommend that
the following considerations should always be taken into account
when choosing puppies:
- Purchasing, training, equipment, medication and feeding
costs of the breed
and Grooming time e.g. long or short hair
situation - time available and medical conditions such as allergies,
asthma or back pain
requirements for the Borzoi breed
Conditions for the dog breed - suitability for puppies
- child suitability
Puppy and Dog
Names - The Importance of choosing the right names
comparison between the Borzoi Dog Breed and a Human
comparisons between dogs and humans are always a matter of
debate - we hope that the following information clarifies the
situation. After the first year of life, a dog is equivalent to
sixteen human years. After two years, they are equivalent to a 24 year old, at
three years a 30 year old, and each year after, add 5 human years to determine
a dog's age.
Expectancy of the Borzoi Dog Breed
expectancy for this particular breed is 10 to 12 years.
Dog Breed Information
As implied by its name the Hound has been bred to chase a
quarry by sight or smell, or a combination of both senses.
Sighthounds have exceptional eyesight, combined with the speed and
stamina necessary to catch the intended prey once seen, typical
examples being the Greyhound and the Whippet. Hounds which rely
strongly on the sense of smell to follow the trail of a prey, such
as the Bloodhound, quite literally follow their noses, speed and
eyesight is of less importance.
Characteristics and features have been introduced and strengthened
breeding from animals who already demonstrated the desired traits.
Breeding for appearance was only introduced in the 19th Century.
Before this time dogs and puppies were bred to increase useful abilities and traits
helpful for the duties they were intended for. Thus, the
various hound breeds were initially introduced to help man
according to specific requirements such as:
and running down small quarry
out and Driving game
this day and age only a few hounds still undertake these tasks, but
nevertheless, they still harbour the skills and characteristics that made
the original Borzoi dog breeding program successful.
Hound Breed Group of dogs differ in that some hunt by scent and
others by sight. Many hounds are kept in packs, in outdoor
kennels. Any dogs and puppies belonging to the Hound breeds require a
significant amount of exercise as they have high stamina levels
suitable for hunting quarry. There are some breeds in this group
who make a distinctive ' baying ' sound - invaluable information
should be considering puppies. The pictures above allow for a
useful size comparison providing an accurate portrait of the size
of an average Borzoi dog - essential information but unique to this
of other Breeds within the Hound Dog Group
The Hound group of dogs includes the Borzoi
and all of
the following breeds:
Afghans, Foxhounds, Basenjis, Bassets, Beagles, Black and Tan Coonhounds, Bloodhounds, Borzoi, Dachshunds, English Foxhounds, Greyhounds, Harriers, Irish Wolfhounds, Norwegian Elkhounds, Otterhounds, Petit Basset Griffon
Vendeens, American Fox hounds, Rhodesian Ridgebacks, Salukis, Scottish Deerhounds
Pictures and information about all of the above Hound Dog breeds,
together with all other dog groups,
may be found
on this website via the following links: